2017 - Sustainable Industrial Processing Summit & Exhibition
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22-26 October 2017, Fiesta Americana Condesa Cancun All Inclusive Resort, Cancun, Mexico
Almost 400 Abstracts Submitted from 60 Countries
Post Summit
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List of Accepted Abstracts

As of 23/02/2020: (Alphabetical Order)
  1. Barrios Intl. Symp on Sustainable Non-ferrous Smelting and Hydro/Electrochemical Processing
  2. Dodds Intl Symp: on Sustainable Energy Production: Fossil; Renewables; Nuclear; Waste handling , processing, and storage for all energy production technologies; Energy conservation
  3. Gaune-Escard Intl Symp: on Sustainable Molten Salt and Ionic Liquid Processing
  4. Goodall Intl. Symp. on Sustainability of World Ecosystems in Anthropocene Era
  5. Lotter Intl Symp. on Sustainable Mineral Processing: Principles, Technologies and Industrial Practice
  6. Marquis Intl. Symp. on New and Advanced Materials and Technologies for Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development
  7. Intl. Symp. on Multiscale Material Mechanics and Multiphysics and Sustainable Applications
  8. Intl. Symp. on Advanced Sustainable Iron and Steel Making
  9. Intl. Symp. on Sustainable Metals & Alloys Processing
  10. Intl. Symp. on Sustainable Aluminum Extraction and Processing
  11. Intl. Symp. on Sustainable Secondary Battery Manufacturing and Recycling
  12. Intl. Symp. on Sustainable Mathematics Applications
  13. Intl. Symp. on Sustainable Surface and Interface Engineering: Coatings for Extreme Environments
  14. Intl. Symp. on Composite, Ceramic and Nano Materials Processing, Characterization and Applications
  15. Intl. Symp. on Environmental, Health, Policy, Legal, Management and Social Issues Related to Metals, Materials and Mineral Processing
  16. Intl. Symp. on Sustainable Mining Operations
  17. Intl. Symp. on Synthesis and Properties of Nanomaterials for Future Energy Demands
  18. Intl. Symp. on Rare Earth and Platinum Group Metals: Managing and Processing
  19. Intl. Symp. on Sustainable Materials Recycling Processes and Products
  20. Intl. Symp. Surfaces and Interfaces of Sustainable, Advanced Materials (SISAM)
  21. Summit Plenary

    To be Updated with new approved abstracts

    [Solid and liquid wastes from industrial processes: Innovations in material recovery and environmental protection]
    ACCEL Project by JST Program for Gas Separation by PCPs/MOFs
    Takaiku Yamamoto1;
    1KYOTO UNIVERSITY, Osaka, Japan;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 33
    Topic: 7

    ACCEL by JST(Japan Science and Technology Agency) aims to set a path to the next phase, such as company R&D, venture start-up and other public funding, based on the outputs of the Strategic Basic Research Programs (CREST, PRESTO, ERATO, etc.) that have the potential to be world-leading but cannot be continued by companies and other organizations due to their perceived risks. The Program Manager (PM) leads research and development with the innovation requirements and goals, demonstrating Proof of Concept (POC) and promoting the appropriate rights arrangements. our porous coordination macromolecule (PCP) has an original characteristic, in addition, to have both flexibility rigidly.) which we developed in ERATO It is provided as one of the result of the ERATO study that the performance (ability for gas storage, release) as gas separation materials of this PCP is high markedly and, in ACCEL, draws a gas storage, release ability of this PCP to the maximum and puts use expansion by the downsizing of profitability and the gas separation device of the PCP production in the field of vision and space-saving perform research and development for the realization of the gas separation technology that is high efficiency by energy saving. Specifically, we promote the following research and development. We separate oxygen, carbon monoxide, hydrogen, methane with high needs from air or natural gas in cheapness, energy saving, high efficiency as an industrial use and create a technique to store it and aim at industry reinforcement of our country and the contribution to saving energy.

    Keywords: CO2; Concentrating; Material; Microstructure; Recycling; Sustainability;

    [Solid and liquid wastes from industrial processes: Innovations in material recovery and environmental protection]
    Complex Treatment of Wastes from Castings Production
    Alena Pribulova1; Peter Futas2; Jozef Petrik3; Marianna Bartosova1;
    1TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY IN KOSICE, FACULTY OF METALLURGY, Kosice, Slovakia (Slovak Republic); 2TECNICAL UNIVERSITY OF KOSICE, Kosice, Slovakia (Slovak Republic); 3TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF KOSICE, Kosice, Slovakia (Slovak Republic);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Poster
    Id Paper: 71
    Topic: 7

    Slovakia is a country with a very fast-growing automotive industry. In 2016 in Slovakia more then one million cars were made. Slovakia ranks first with the production of 183 cars per 1,000 citizens. Cars production is closely linked to the castings and machines production. Slovak foundry industry is currently primarily focused on castings for various cars brands. Many cars producers today require not only a declaration of castings production quality but also declaration of minimalization the impact of their production on the environment.
    Given contribution deals with an analyse of the impact of steel and cast iron castings production on the environment and complex treatment of wastes originating in the castings production. Steel and iron castings production is connected with the origin of three main types of wastes: dust, slag and used sand and core mixtures. Dust is generated at all stages of castings production from charging in to the melting aggregate, through melting, casting, and machining of castings. The type and amount of slag depends on the melting unit. Used sand and core mixtures feature the largest share of wastes from the castings production.
    This paper will discuss the possibilities of processing these three basic wastes and their reusing in production process in foundry.

    Keywords: Dust; Recycling; Slags; Wastes;

    Diffusion Behavior of Rare Earth Elements Contained in Permanent Magnet with Molten Bismuth by Pyrometallurgical Process
    Sunwoo Nam1; Sardar Farhat Abbas1; Young-soo Kim1; Dae-kyeom Kim1; Do Hyang Kim2; Taek-soo Kim1;
    1KITECH, Incheon, Korea (Republic of [South] Korea); 2YONSEI UNIVERSITY,, Seoul, Korea (Republic of [South] Korea);
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Poster
    Id Paper: 62
    Topic: 7

    Recently, the extraction behavior of rare earth elements(REEs) contained in permanent magnets has been studied by hydrometallurgical using chemical solutions and pyrometallurgical process using molten magnesium.
    In order to explore new and better extractant in pyrometallurgical process, the authors used molten bismuth.
    To investigate the characteristics of diffusion in REEs(Nd, Dy)-Bi couple, an assessment of both reaction and diffusion of Nd and Dy in molten bismuth was carried out. For identification of the reaction mechanism, the effects of experimental parameters such as temperature (range of 573K to 973K) and holding time (from 0 to 24hour) were investigated. Diffusion of REE from the Nd-Fe-B magnet into molten Bi was found to occur at a higher rate than molten Mg, and the reaction rate was varied depending on the temperature and time. The diffusion behaviors were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), and the constituent phases were characterized using X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). It was found out that 500E is the critical temperature for extraction and diffusion of REE(Nd, Dy) by Bi.

    Keywords: Metal; Recycling; Scrap; Wastes;

    Effect of Ferronickel Slag on the Properties of Construction Materials
    Izet Ibrahimi1; Musa Rizaj2; Nurten Deva3; Florian Kongoli4; Edward Z. OBrien5;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 193
    Topic: 7

    Ferronickel slags, due to their physicochemical characteristics, have good potential to improve the performance of construction materials when properly and adequately used as a component in these materials. As such, instead of being a waste that harms the environment, they can be turned into valuable materials for the construction industry assuring an efficient use of resources. As part of a bigger cooperation project with FLOGEN Technologies Inc. this paper gives the results of an investigation on the use of ferronickel slags from Ferronickel Company in Kosovo in several construction materials such as cement, asphalt, concrete, etc. The goal of the project is to determine the best recipes for the optimal use of the ferronickel slags in the construction materials in order to achieve their best physico-mechanical properties. Based on numerous laboratory analysis various mixture ratios of slag in the construction products have been studied followed by laboratory examination of the physical-mechanical properties of the corresponding mixtures. It was found that the use of ferronickel slag from Ferronickel Company can be beneficial to improve the mechanical and physical properties of all construction materials and at the same time protect the environment by turning a waste of metallurgical industry in a useful primary material for the construction industry.

    Keywords: Industry; Materials; Metals; Sustainability; Technology;

    [Solid and liquid wastes from industrial processes: Innovations in material recovery and environmental protection]
    Pilot Scale Tests for Recycling of Photovoltaic Panels by Physical and Chemical Treatment
    Francesca Pagnanelli1; Pietro Altimari2; Emanuela Moscardini3; Luigi Toro2; Thomas Abo Atia2; Ludovica Baldassari4; Flavia Carla dos Santos Martins Padoan1;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 331
    Topic: 7

    In this work, the experimental results of the treatment at pilot scale of photovoltaic panels of different technologies were reported. The recycling route includes a sequence of mechanical and chemical operations in order to recover glass and other useful materials. After mechanical treatment, ground material is sieved and only the coarse fraction is treated by solvent treatment in order to have the detachment of panel fragments into different components: solar grade glass, metallic filaments, back sheet foils (Tedlar), polymeric gluing components (EVA aggregates). The fine fractions emerging from mechanical treatment is treated by acid leaching in order to remove metals and obtain another recoverable glass powder. Recycling rate of the demonstrated process was 80% and 85% for Si based panels and CdTe panels, respectively.

    Keywords: Leaching; Metal; Photovoltaic; Recycling; Wastes;

    Pyrometallurgical Processing and Slag Analysis of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
    Christoph Sorger1; Stefan Luidold2; Stefan Konetschnik3; Tim Haslinger3;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 59
    Topic: 7

    Due to the increasing demand of electronic devices the amount of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) continuously rises. Therefore suitable recycling processes are essential in order to treat such 'End of Life' - products. The necessity is given on the one hand on the valuable and also critical containing metals (such as copper and the precious ones) and on the other hand on hazardous substances (like brominated flame retardants), which might be manufactured in these appliances.
    Pyrometallurgical melting procedures represent one possibility for a proper recycling. A big environmental problem lies in the fact that with usage of a direct incineration the hazard of the formation of dangerous halogenated dioxins and furans is given, which can be avoided by a previous pyrolysis step or a proper post-combustion.
    The product of such processes are metallic, slag and gaseous phases. The less noble elements form an oxidic slag phase. Due to the fact that this by-product might contain a lot of various elements (like iron, silicon, aluminum, calcium, etc) depending on diverse process conditions an appropriate investigation is necessary. This includes the different containing phases as well as the melting behavior in order to implicate a suitable treatment of such a slag.

    Keywords: Recycling; Scrap; Slags; Sustainability; Wastes;

    Recycling of Jarosite and Electric Arc Furnace Dust in a Metal Bath Process to Recover Valuable Metals
    Stefan Wegscheider1; Juergen Antrekowitsch2; Stefan Steinlechner3;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 57
    Topic: 7

    The recycling of hazardous metallurgical waste, such as jarosite, a precipitation residue from the hydrometallurgical zinc winning route and electric arc furnace dust (EAFD) from the iron and steel industry displays one aim for the future to open up new chances for secondary resources and to avoid landfilling. More than 50 % of the worldwide production of EAFD and the majority of the jarosite are still dumped, although there are valuable metals, such as zinc, lead, indium, silver and iron present in these by-products.
    Since the EAFD and the jarosite represent a high economical potential, a metal bath process offers a possibility to reprocess both residues together and to achieve a multi-metal recovery. The advantages of the process are that two residues can be treated together to recover valuable metals, while at the same time no more dumping of the waste is necessary. The products of the process include a metal-bearing off-gas, an iron alloy as well as a slag. This paper describes the concept of the developed metal bath process and shows first results of carried out lab-scale trials.

    Keywords: Dust; Recycling; Wastes; Zinc;

    [Solid and liquid wastes from industrial processes: Innovations in material recovery and environmental protection]
    Recycling of Lithium Ion Batteries: Mechanical and Hydrometallurgical Treatment Towards Zero-waste
    Emanuela Moscardini1; Pietro Altimari2; Luigi Toro2; Thomas Abo Atia2; Francesca Pagnanelli3; Flavia Carla dos Santos Martins Padoan3;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 330
    Topic: 7

    In this work, the overall process for the treatment of LIB was presented considering both the mechanical step for the recovery of black mass, and the hydrometallurgical route for the recovery of metals. Black mass, recovered with high yield and purity by shredding, sieving and milling, was fed to leaching reactor for dissolving all metals (Li, Mn, Co, Ni) giving a residue which can be recovered as pure graphite. Co can be recovered as salt or oxide after precipitation by pH increase for metal impurity separation, or after solvent extraction achieving commercial purity. After separation of sodium, Li can be recovered as carbonate.

    Keywords: Hydrometallurgical; Leaching; Metal; Optimization; Recycling; Wastes;

    [Solid and liquid wastes from industrial processes: Innovations in material recovery and environmental protection]
    Separation of REEs from Fluorescent Lamp Waste Fractions
    Teodora Retegan1; Cristian Tunsu1;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 69
    Topic: 7

    Separation of REEs from fluorescent lamp waste has been a very successful project financed by Formas and Energimyndigheten between 2010-2014, aimed at recycling of Rare Earth Metals (REMs) from low energy lamps after Hg decontamination step. The project has been carried-out in close collaboration with an industrial partner (Nordic Recycling AB), CIT (Chalmers Industritechnik) and IVL (Swedish Environmental Research Institute).
    A hydrometallurgical process was developed, comprising a leaching step for mercury (using iodine solutions) and subsequent selective leaching of remaining components. The hydrometallurgical decontamination process can be viewed as a simpler and possibly cheaper alternative to the energy intensive thermal treatment for reducing mercury levels in heavily contaminated samples. Cyanex 923 in kerosene allows the separation of REEs from other elements, leading to significantly better results compared to other extraction systems e.g. TBP. Separation of a REEs concentrate was achieved using mixer settlers. From here, the stream can be further processed for further separation using e.g. more selective extractants or a larger number of extraction stages. In December 2014, the project has reached the laboratory pilot stage.
    Due to the success of the project, the industrial partner together with other 3 SMEs (MEAB, MRT and CIT) and Chalmers group have decided on scaling-up the project and installing a pilot plat at the industrial partners site. The whole process makes the subject of this work.

    Keywords: Industry; Metal; Recycling; Wastes;

    [Solid and liquid wastes from industrial processes: Innovations in material recovery and environmental protection]
    Sustainable Technologies to Save Energy and Reduce Emissions in Metal Recycling Processes
    Rocky (zhong-ling) Wei1; Joachim Von Scheele1;
    1THE LINDE GROUP, Shanghai, China;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 153
    Topic: 7

    Recycling is becoming a more and more important resource of metal. In electronics and car recycling, this mainly applies to copper, iron, steel, lead, aluminum, and gold.
    The combustion processes in the metal recycling process are a large user of energy and source of emissions. There are two main ways to save energy and reduce emissions in those processes: the Direct Way C the most efficient ways to save energy and decrease emissions are to minimize the need and the generation, respectively; the Indirect Way C energy recycling and post treatment to remove CO2, NOx, SOx, etc.
    There is large short-term opportunity to decrease energy use and emissions from the metal recycling industry sector by using the Direct Way. It has been proven that the need for energy in many of these combustion processes can be reduced by 20-50% by applying different types of oxyfuel combustion C an excellent example of the Direct Way. Reduction of CO2 emissions will follow the reduced energy need. A special combustion technology called Flameless Oxyfuel is also very efficient to reduce NOx emissions. Lindeas a global leading industry gas company, has pioneered the development and implementation of flameless oxyfuel technology in the copper, lead and aluminum recycling industries. Flameless Oxyfuel provides an overall thermal efficiency in the heating of 80%; the commonly used air-fuel that reaches 40-60%. With Flameless Oxyfuel, compared to air-fuel, the energy savings are at least 25%, but many times 50% or even more. The corresponding reduction in CO2 emission is also 25-50%. Savings in terms of NOx emissions are substantial, sometimes exceeding 90%. Flameless Oxyfuel combustion has major advantages over conventional oxyfuel and, even more, over any kind of air-fuel combustion. The improved temperature uniformity is a very important benefit, which also reduces the fuel consumption further.
    Over the past decades, there were many hundreds of successful installations of different oxygen and oxyfuel solutions in the metal recycling industry sector, all resulting in reduced fuel consumption and less emissions. Here follows are examples: OXYGON vessel preheating, Flameless Oxyfuel for copper and lead recycling, LTOF for aluminum recycling; Installations of OXYGON, LTOF and have demonstrated reductions of the hazardous NOx emissions by 60-95%.
    Flameless Oxyfuel solutions are creating benefits for the metal recycling industry sector in terms of cost savings and improved working environment, but also for the society as a whole. This is particularly important in Asia, with both a large population and a huge heavy industry production. These well-established technologies can strongly support a quick path to make the metallurgical processes in the metal recycling industry green!

    Keywords: CO2; Industry; Metal; Non-Ferrous; Recycling; Scrap; Technology;

    Thermodynamic and Kinetic Investigations of Leaching Calcined By-products of EAF Dust Waelz Process in Sodium Hydroxide Solutions
    Pavel Kozlov1; A. Panshin2; Sergey Yakornov3; Sergey Mamyachenkov4;
    1UMMC-HOLDING, Moscow, Russian Federation; 2LLC UMMC-HOLDING", Verkhnyaya Pyshma, Russian Federation; 3LLC "UMMC-HOLDING", Verkhnya Pyshma, Russian Federation; 4UMMC TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, Verkhnya Pyshma, Russian Federation;
    Type of Paper: Plenary
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 129
    Topic: 7

    Electric-arc furnace dust (EAFD), containing Zn more than 20%, is prospective raw-material for zinc, lead, and other valuable components recovery. Pyrometallurgical EAF dust treatment has low selectivity, poor quality final products, high consumption of carbon reducing agent, and environmental hazards. The presence of high ferrite and impurities, especially halides, don’t allow wide applications of hydrometallurgical methods. To increase zinc extraction at the stage of leaching, it is necessary to develop processes of EAF dust pretreatment for the purpose of ferrite destruction and halides removal. The most rational variant is the two-stage EAF dust Waelz process, with chlorides vaporization and production of zinc-containing calcined by-products. Alkaline leaching of such material allows to selectively recover zinc into concentrated solutions. It allows to produce high-quality zinc powders. This process requires minimum capital and operating costs, and has minimum influence on the environment.

    Keywords: Dust; Leaching; Recycling; Technology; Zinc;

    [Solid and liquid wastes from industrial processes: Innovations in material recovery and environmental protection]
    Value Addition of LD Slag at Tata Steel by Effective Utilization of Non-metallic Fines for Possible Industrial Applications
    Shrenivas Ashrit1; Ravikrishna Chatti1; Supriya Sarkar1; Venugopal Rayasam2; Udayabhanu Gopalakrishnan Nair2;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Poster
    Id Paper: 226
    Topic: 7

    LD slag (Linz Donawitz slag) is one of the major industrial by-products generated during steel making in the integrated Tata Steel plant at Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India. The plant uses approximately 25 million tons of iron ore and coal/coke blend every year to produce about 10 million tons of steel. Hot metal or molten iron from the blast furnace is transferred into vessels called torpedoes and transported on rail tracks to the LD shops. Here, the molten iron is refined into steel using the ‘basic oxygen furnace’ (BOF) method. In a steel industry, all the three types of waste materials (gaseous, liquid and solid) are generated. The generation of gaseous waste material is the highest, but the management of solid waste material is the most intricate. The steel slag generated from LD converter (steel making) is dumped in pits and allowed to cool by sprinkling water. The solidified steel slag is then sent to a waste recycling plant (WRP) for recovery of the metallic and non-metallic portions. The quantity of non-metallic portion of (-6.0mm) LD Slag fines after the recovery of metallic portion is around 40000MT/Month, which is close to 5 Lakh tons per annum. The present study aims at value addition of this enormous amount of non-metallic slag by a chemical process to obtain “yellow gypsum”, which has a wide range of industrial and agricultural applications. The authors have characterized this material using techniques such as x-ray diffraction (XRD), chemical analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared analysis (FTIR), and Raman spectroscopy. The authors have also discussed the applicability of this material for different applications. An Indian patent application (572/KOL/2014) has been filed for this material.

    Keywords: Calcium; Converter; Ferrous; Industry; Iron; Slags; Wastes;

    Water/Iron Powder as a Hydrogen Source in Olefin Hydrogenation
    Rajendra Patil1; Yoel Sasson2;
    Type of Paper: Regular
    Type of Presentation: Oral
    Id Paper: 235
    Topic: 7

    The hydrogenation of unsaturated compounds is a key technology in the chemical industry. The efficient catalytic reduction of water for generation of hydrogen is one of the most challenging transformations in chemistry.
    We continuously investigated the potential application of iron (commercial iron powder) to activate water as a terminal hydrogen source without any stoichiometric acid or base. Here in we are pleased to disclose the external-pressure-free and mild reaction protocol for reduction of alkenes using a cheap, non-hazardous, abundant, and eco-friendly water/iron pair as a hydrogen donor in the presence of a Pd/C catalyst (2.5 mol % w.r.t. substrate).
    Pd/C-catalyzed hydrogenation of olefins by using water as a hydrogen source in the presence of iron powder gave the corresponding reduction products in 96% yield (GC Yield). The formation of Fe3O4 as a byproduct was confirmed by XRD analysis.

    Keywords: Iron;